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Observatoire des Actions de Groupe

Alexandre Biard

Alexandre Biard holds a doctorate in law, a CAPA (Certificat à la Profession d’Avocat), is a lawyer at the European Consumers’ Organisation (BEUC), a research fellow at the University of Rotterdam (Netherlands) and a fellow at the European Law Institute (ELI). He is the author of several articles and reports on collective redress in France and in Europe.


• Biard, Retour sur 6 ans de Dieselgate en Europe du point de vue des consommateurs,  Droit de la consommation – Consumentenrecht, Juin 2021
• MJ Azar-Baud & A. Biard , The Dawn of Collective Redress 3.0 in France?, in: Uzelac A. & Voet S., Class actions in Europe: Holy Grail or a wrong trail?Springer, June 2021.
• A. Biard & S. Voet, Collective redress in the EU: will it finally come true? in: Uzelac A. & Voet S., Class actions in Europe: Holy Grail or a wrong trail?Springer, June 2021.
• Biard & X. Kramer, The EU directive on representative actions for consumers: a milestone or another missed opportunity? Zeitschrift für Europäisches Privatrecht, 2019 (2), 249-259.
• A. Biard & B. Javaux. Les recours collectifs à l’heure de la Legaltech : l’initiative européenne serait-déjà obsolète ? Revue Lamy Droit Civil septembre 2019, n°173. 
• A. Biard, Collective redress in the EU: a rainbow behind the clouds? ERA Forum, 1-16
• A. Biard, Sale temps pour l’action de groupe…la nécessaire recherche d’outils alternatifs pour résoudre les litiges de masse, Revue Lamy de droit civil, pp. 21-26.
• A. Biard & R. Amaro, Resolving mass claims in France: tools and experience, RILE- BACT Working Paper Series(2016)
• A. Biard & R. Amaro. Contribution re France for the study Collective Redress in the Member States of the European Union, European Parliament/Trans Europe Expert, 2018
• A. Biard,  Class actions development in France, Global Class Actions Exchange
• A. Biard & D. Fairgrieve, Collective redress – France, 2015, BIICL – Focus on Collective Redress
• A. Biard & L. Visscher, Dutch Mass Litigation from a Legal and Economic Perspective and its Relevance for France, RILE Working Paper Series, 2014
• A. Biard & A. Pato,  Dancing Cheek-to-Cheek: Collective Redress and Data Protection, Leuven Centre for Public Law, 2019


The Perfect Law Conference 2023 will be happening on April 27th and April 28th at Central Hall Westminister. Speaker include Han Jongneel, …

On April 29th, the 18th National Symposium on Class Actions will happen in Ontario, Canada. Registry is now open, and you can …

The Mass Action Forum 2023 will be happening on February 22nd and 23rd, in San Diego, at the El Prado at Balboa …

CPLJ Lecture Series

The CPLJ Lecture Series is part of the Comparative Procedural Law and Justice (CPLJ) project, which brings together more than one hundred academics worldwide. …